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Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2005 May;288(5):R1256-63.

Expression of membrane-associated carbonic anhydrase isoforms IV, IX, XII, and XIV in the rabbit: induction of CA IV and IX during maturation.

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  • 1Chief, Pediatric Nephrology, Box 777, Univ. of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave., Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


Several carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms are associated with plasma membranes. It is probable that these enzymes interact with anion transporters to facilitate the movement of HCO3- into or out of the cell. A better knowledge of CA isoform expression in a given tissue would facilitate a systematic examination of any associations with such transporters. We examined the expression of CAs IV, IX, XII, and XIV mRNAs in rabbit tissues, including kidney, heart, lung, skeletal muscle, liver, pancreas, gall bladder, stomach, small intestine, colon, and spleen, using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). CA IV mRNA was mainly in kidney, heart, lung, colon, and gall bladder. CA IX mRNA was restricted to stomach, gall bladder, duodenum, and early jejunum. CA XII mRNA was found in kidney and colon. CA XIV mRNA was localized to heart, lung, skeletal muscle, and liver. The data indicate that there are different patterns of CA expression in various tissues: CA IX was expressed in the proximal gastrointestinal tract, whereas CA XII and CA IV were more distal. CA IV and CA XII are important kidney isoforms. CA XIV was abundant in metabolically active tissues such as liver, heart, lung, and skeletal muscle. Some significant species differences were noted in the expression of some of these isoforms; for example, CA XIV is not expressed in rabbit kidney, despite being abundant in mouse kidney. Maturational studies showed that the expression of CA IX mRNA and protein increased markedly with weaning ( approximately 3-4 postnatal wk) and was well correlated with the maturational expression of the alpha-subunit of the gastric H+,K+-ATPase, suggesting that function of CA IX and the gastric H+ pump might be linked in the digestion of adult foodstuffs. The unique pattern of membrane-bound CA isoforms suggests different functional associations with transporters, depending on the physiological demands on the tissue.

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