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Indian J Med Res. 2005 Apr;121(4):377-94.

Clinical profile of HIV in India.

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  • 1Y.R.G. Center for AIDS Research & Education (CARE), Voluntary Health Services, Tharamani, Chennai 600 113, India. kumarasamy@yrgcare.org

Abstract

The clinical course of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease and pattern of opportunistic infections varies from patient to patient and from country to country. The clinical profile of HIV disease in India includes a wide range of conditions like tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis, popular pruritic eruptions, and cytomegalovirus retinitis, among others. Tuberculosis is the most common opportunistic infection in Indian patients with HIV. Occurrence of various AIDS-associated illnesses determines disease progression. Mean survival time of Indian patients after diagnosis of HIV is 92 months. In this review, we discuss the clinical profile of HIV disease through an organ system-based approach. With the availability of antiretroviral therapy at lower cost, the clinical profile of HIV disease in India is now changing to include drug-related toxicities and immune reconstitution syndrome.

PMID:
15817951
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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