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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Apr;53(4):695-9.

The Montreal Cognitive Assessment, MoCA: a brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment.

Author information

  • 1Center for Clinical Research, Neurology Service, Hôpital Charles LeMoyne, Quebec, Canada. ziadn@sympatico.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To develop a 10-minute cognitive screening tool (Montreal Cognitive Assessment, MoCA) to assist first-line physicians in detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a clinical state that often progresses to dementia.

DESIGN:

Validation study.

SETTING:

A community clinic and an academic center.

PARTICIPANTS:

Ninety-four patients meeting MCI clinical criteria supported by psychometric measures, 93 patients with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) (Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score > or =17), and 90 healthy elderly controls (NC).

MEASUREMENTS:

The MoCA and MMSE were administered to all participants, and sensitivity and specificity of both measures were assessed for detection of MCI and mild AD.

RESULTS:

Using a cutoff score 26, the MMSE had a sensitivity of 18% to detect MCI, whereas the MoCA detected 90% of MCI subjects. In the mild AD group, the MMSE had a sensitivity of 78%, whereas the MoCA detected 100%. Specificity was excellent for both MMSE and MoCA (100% and 87%, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

MCI as an entity is evolving and somewhat controversial. The MoCA is a brief cognitive screening tool with high sensitivity and specificity for detecting MCI as currently conceptualized in patients performing in the normal range on the MMSE.

PMID:
15817019
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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