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J Clin Pharm Ther. 2005 Apr;30(2):165-71.

The impact of socioeconomic and demographic factors on the utilization of smoking cessation medications in patients hospitalized with cardiovascular disease in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Author information

  • 1College of Pharmacy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada. anne.marie.whelan@dal.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether any demographic or socioeconomic factors affect the use of smoking cessation medications in patients hospitalized with heart disease.

METHOD:

Data were obtained from the Improving Cardiovascular Outcomes in Nova Scotia (ICONS) Canada database, which includes a registry of all hospitalized patients with a diagnosis of ischaemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, or atrial fibrillation since October 1997. Patients agreeing to provide follow-up were sent an enrollment survey to determine demographic and socioeconomic factors including household income, educational background and private drug insurance plans.

RESULTS:

Between 15 October 1997 and 31 December 2000, 5442 patients who were current smokers and 270 patients using a smoking cessation medication were admitted to hospital registered in the ICONS database. An enrollment survey was completed by 1071 current smokers and 77 patients using a smoking cessation agent.

CONCLUSION:

Higher education level, presence of private drug insurance plans, and less difficulty paying for basic needs were associated with higher use of smoking cessation medications.

PMID:
15811170
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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