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Surgery. 2005 Apr;137(4):426-30.

Sleep disturbances before and after parathyroidectomy for secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Author information

  • 1Department of General Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Kaohsiung, 123 Ta-Pei Road, Niao-Sung Hsiang, Kaohsiung Hsien 833, Taiwan. choulu@ms4.hinet.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of insomnia in patients with symptomatic secondary hyperparathyroidism and the improvements of sleep disturbances after parathyroidectomy have not been previously reported.

METHODS:

Thirty-one patients who had undergone successful total parathyroidectomy and autotransplantation for symptomatic secondary hyperparathyroidism were enrolled in the study. The symptoms of skin itching, bone pain, and general weakness were recorded. Preoperatively, serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase (Alk-ptase), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), am melatonin (noon), and pm melatonin (midnight) were measured in association with a simple yes/no questionnaire of 5 items about sleep disturbances as described previously. The severity of insomnia was the sum of positive items of sleeping disturbances. The sleep hours per night and the habit of taking sleeping pills were also recorded. One week after surgery, serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, Alk-ptase, iPTH, am melatonin, and pm melatonin were measured again. Three months after surgery, symptoms of skin itching, bone pain, and general weakness were recorded, and serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, Alk-ptase and iPTH were measured in association with a yes/no questionnaire of sleep disturbances. The severity of insomnia, sleep hours per night, and the habit of taking sleeping pills were recorded again.

RESULTS:

One week after parathyroidectomy, serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, and iPTH decreased significantly; serum levels of Alk-ptase and am melatonin increased significantly; serum levels of pm melatonin did not change significantly. Three months after parathyroidectomy, symptoms of skin itching, bone pain, and general weakness decreased significantly; serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, Alk-ptase, and iPTH decreased significantly; sleeping disturbances and severity of insomnia improved significantly in association with longer sleep hours per night. A significant reduction of the habit of taking sleeping pills was also noted. Preoperatively, the severity of insomnia was correlated with skin itching, general weakness, and levels of iPTH. Postoperatively, the severity of insomnia was correlated with skin itching, general weakness, and bone pain.

CONCLUSIONS:

Preoperatively, a high prevalence of sleep disturbances (97%) was found in patients with symptomatic secondary hyperparathyroidism. We conclude that nocturnal melatonin levels do not change after parathyroidectomy; the improvements in sleep disturbance and the decreases in severity of insomnia are found 3 months after surgery in association with longer sleep hours per night. Decreases of symptoms such as skin itching, bone pain, and general weakness may be the reasons for the improvement in sleep and the decrease in insomnia.

PMID:
15800490
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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