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Gerontologist. 2005 Apr;45(2):177-85.

Early community-based service utilization and its effects on institutionalization in dementia caregiving.

Author information

  • 1Department of Behavioral Science, The University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. jgaugle@uky.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The present study attempts to determine whether utilizing community-based long-term-care services early in the dementia caregiving career delays time to nursing home placement (adjusting for severity of dementia).

DESIGN AND METHODS:

With a reliance on data from 4,761 dementia caregivers recruited from eight catchment areas in the United States and followed over a 3-year period, a Cox proportional hazards model was conducted that considered key components of the stress process (e.g., context of care, primary objective and subjective stressors, and resources), duration, and community-based long-term-care use.

RESULTS:

An analysis of interaction terms in the Cox regression model found that those individuals who utilized in-home help services earlier in their dementia caregiving careers were more likely to delay institutionalization.

IMPLICATIONS:

The findings suggest the practical importance and cost-effectiveness implications of early community-based service use, and they emphasize the role of timing when one is conceptualizing the proliferation of stress in the dementia caregiving career.

PMID:
15799982
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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