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Diabetes Care. 2005 Apr;28(4):844-9.

Rosiglitazone improves postprandial triglyceride and free fatty acid metabolism in type 2 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Room G02.402, P.O. Box 85500, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands. j.p.h.vanwijk@azu.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Increased postprandial lipemia is part of diabetic dyslipidemia and is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. We investigated the effects of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist rosiglitazone on postprandial lipemia in patients with type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

A randomized, 8-week, crossover, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was performed in which rosiglitazone at 4 mg was administrated twice daily in 19 patients with type 2 diabetes. Standardized 6-h oral fat-loading tests were performed after each treatment period. Postprandial curves were calculated as the total area under the curve (AUC) and the incremental area under the curve (dAUC).

RESULTS:

Rosiglitazone did not change fasting plasma triglycerides compared with placebo (1.97 +/- 0.22 vs. 1.88 +/- 0.20 mmol/l, respectively) but decreased postprandial triglyceride levels, leading to significantly lower triglyceride dAUC (-37%, P < 0.05), without changing total triglyceride AUC. Significant postprandial triglyceride reductions in the chylomicron fraction (Svedberg flotation rate [Sf] >400) were achieved with rosiglitazone, which resulted in a significant lower triglyceride AUC (-22%) in this fraction. The postprandial triglyceride increase in VLDL1 (Sf 60-400) was also lower after rosiglitazone (-27%), but this did not result in a significant lower triglyceride AUC. In VLDL2 (Sf 20-60), there were no significant differences in triglyceride AUC and triglyceride dAUC between rosiglitazone and placebo. Rosiglitazone decreased free fatty acid (FFA) AUC (-12%) and FFA dAUC (-18%) compared with placebo.

CONCLUSIONS:

Rosiglitazone improves the metabolism of large triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and decreases postprandial FFA concentrations in type 2 diabetes. This may have clinical implications, as these effects may contribute to cardiovascular risk reduction.

PMID:
15793183
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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