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J Exp Med. 2005 Mar 21;201(6):981-91.

In vivo depletion of lung CD11c+ dendritic cells during allergen challenge abrogates the characteristic features of asthma.

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  • 1Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Erasmus MC, 3015 GE Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Abstract

Although dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in sensitization to inhaled allergens, their function in ongoing T helper (Th)2 cell-mediated eosinophilic airway inflammation underlying bronchial asthma is currently unknown. Here, we show in an ovalbumin (OVA)-driven murine asthma model that airway DCs acquire a mature phenotype and interact with CD4(+) T cells within sites of peribronchial and perivascular inflammation. To study whether DCs contributed to inflammation, we depleted DCs from the airways of CD11c-diphtheria toxin (DT) receptor transgenic mice during the OVA aerosol challenge. Airway administration of DT depleted CD11c(+) DCs and alveolar macrophages and abolished the characteristic features of asthma, including eosinophilic inflammation, goblet cell hyperplasia, and bronchial hyperreactivity. In the absence of CD11c(+) cells, endogenous or adoptively transferred CD4(+) Th2 cells did not produce interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13 in response to OVA aerosol. In CD11c-depleted mice, eosinophilic inflammation and Th2 cytokine secretion were restored by adoptive transfer of CD11c(+) DCs, but not alveolar macrophages. These findings identify lung DCs as key proinflammatory cells that are necessary and sufficient for Th2 cell stimulation during ongoing airway inflammation.

PMID:
15781587
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2213109
Free PMC Article
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