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Langmuir. 2005 Mar 29;21(7):2665-7.

Fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces from microstructured ZnO-based surfaces via a wet-chemical route.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China.


The fabrication of a superhydrophobic surface is demonstrated via a wet chemical route, and this method offers advantages of being cleanroom free, cost efficiency, and wide applicability. The preferable growth of ZnO crystalline forms a microstructured surface, and a variety of alkanoic acids were adopted to tune the surface wettability. Although all surfaces show an advancing contact angle greater than 150 degrees , they substantially differ in the wetting mechanisms. It is found that only when the length of alkanoic acid is greater than 16, the microstructured surface shows a stable superhydrophobicity, in which the Cassie state dominates. While for those moderate-length alkanoic acids (C8-C14), their corresponding surfaces have a tendency to fall into the Wenzel state and display a great contact angle hysteresis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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