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J Chromatogr. 1992 Mar 20;595(1-2):269-81.

Analytical methods for monoterpene glycosides in grape and wine. II. Qualitative and quantitative determination of monoterpene glycosides in grape.

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  • 1INRA, Institut des Produits de la Vigne, Laboratoire des Arômes et des Substances Naturelles, Montpellier, France.


Free and glycosidically bound terpenes of five Vitis vinifera grape cultivars (muscat of Alexandria, muscat of Frontignan, muscat of Hamburg, muscat Ottonel and Gewürztraminer) were investigated. The free and bound fractions were separated by selective retention on Amberlite XAD-2 resin. The glycosidic fractions were analysed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using either enzymic hydrolysis and subsequent analysis of the released aglycones or trimethylsilyl (TMS) and trifluoroacetyl derivatives. The known monoterpenyl, benzyl and 2-phenylethyl beta-D-glucopyranosides, beta-rutinosides, 6-O-alpha-L-arabinofuranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosides and 6-O-beta-D-apiofuranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosides were determined. A number of other glycosides were detected and the structures of some of them, mainly apiosylglucosides and glucosides with aglycones in higher oxidation state than linalol, were tentatively identified using the mass spectra of their TMS and TFA derivatives and the results obtained from the analysis of their aglycones.

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