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J Clin Oncol. 2005 Mar 20;23(9):1885-93.

Phase I and pharmacologic study of 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin in adult patients with solid tumors.

Author information

  • 1Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-7680, USA. jgrem@unmc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the clinical toxicities of 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) given as a 1-hour infusion daily for 5 days every 3 weeks.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Nineteen patients received 17-AAG over six dose levels (10 to 56 mg/m(2)) using an accelerated titration scheme. Drug levels of 17-AAG were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Biologic effects of 17-AAG were monitored by changes in the content of target proteins by immunoblot analysis of lysates prepared from peripheral-blood mononuclear cells.

RESULTS:

Toxicity was acceptable at doses up to 28 mg/m(2). The cohort was expanded to three patients at 40 mg/m(2) because a second occurrence of grade 2 hepatic transaminitis occurred. Two of six assessable patients who received 56 mg/m(2) had reversible, grade 3 hepatic transaminitis. Five additional patients were enrolled at 40 mg/m(2); none had dose-limiting toxicity. The maximum plasma concentrations (C(max)) of 17-AAG at 40 and 56 mg/m(2) were 1,724 and 2,046 ng/mL, respectively; the average plasma exposures (AUC) were 2,809 and 6,708 hours.ng/mL, respectively. Less than 3% of the daily dose was excreted into the urine. Clearance did not correlate with body-surface area. Possible biologic activity was suggested by apparent increased protein content of either glucose-related 78 kd protein or heat shock protein 70 with >/= 14 mg/m(2) and decreased protein content of either Lck or Raf1 with >/= 28 mg/m(2) of 17-AAG.

CONCLUSION:

17-AAG 40 mg/m(2) (median dose, 70 mg) was well tolerated when given daily for 5 days every 3 weeks.

PMID:
15774780
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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