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J Biol Chem. 2005 May 20;280(20):19507-15. Epub 2005 Mar 17.

Free fatty acids inhibit serum deprivation-induced apoptosis through GPR120 in a murine enteroendocrine cell line STC-1.

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  • 1Bioinformatics Center, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Japan.

Abstract

Free fatty acids (FFAs) provide an important energy source and also act as signaling molecules. FFAs are known to exert a variety of physiological responses via their G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), such as the GPR40 family. Recently, we identified a novel FFA receptor, GPR120, that promotes secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (Hirasawa, A., Tsumaya, K., Awaji, T., Katsuma, S., Adachi, T., Yamada, M., Sugimoto, Y., Miyazaki, S., and Tsujimoto, G. (2005) Nat. Med. 11, 90-94). Here we showed that FFAs inhibit serum deprivation-induced apoptosis of murine enteroendocrine STC-1 cells, which express two types of GPCRs, GPR120 and GPR40, for unsaturated long chain FFA. We first found that linolenic acid potently activated ERK and Akt/protein kinase B (Akt) in STC-1 cells. ERK kinase inhibitors significantly reduced the anti-apoptotic effects of linolenic acid. Inhibitors for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), a major target of which is Akt, significantly reduced the anti-apoptotic effects. Transfection of STC-1 cells with the dominant-negative form of Akt also inhibited the anti-apoptotic effect. These results suggested that the activation of ERK and PI3K-Akt pathways is required for FFA-induced anti-apoptotic effects on STC-1 cells. Transient transfection of STC-1 cells with GPR120 cDNA, but not GPR40 cDNA, enhanced inhibition of caspase-3 activation. RNA interference experiments showed that reduced expression of GPR120, but not GPR40, resulted in reduced ERK activation and reduced effects of FFAs on caspase-3 inhibition. Collectively, these results demonstrated that FFAs promote the activation of ERK and PI3K-Akt pathways mainly via GPR120, leading to the anti-apoptotic effect of STC-1 cells.

PMID:
15774482
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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