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Physiology (Bethesda). 2005 Apr;20:112-24.

The genetics of heteromeric amino acid transporters.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology and Institut de Recerca Biomedica de Barcelona, Barcelona Science Park, University of Barcelona, Spain. mpalacin@pcb.ub.edu


Heteromeric amino acid transporters (HATs) are composed of a heavy (SLC3 family) and a light (SLC7 family) subunit. Mutations in system b(0,+) (rBAT-b(0,+)AT) and in system y(+)L (4F2hc-y(+)LAT1) cause the primary inherited aminoacidurias (PIAs) cystinuria and lysinuric protein intolerance, respectively. Recent developments [including the identification of the first Hartnup disorder gene (B0AT1; SLC6A19)] and knockout mouse models have begun to reveal the basis of renal and intestinal reabsorption of amino acids in mammals.

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