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Plant Cell. 2005 Apr;17(4):1306-16. Epub 2005 Mar 16.

A putative nucleoporin 96 Is required for both basal defense and constitutive resistance responses mediated by suppressor of npr1-1,constitutive 1.

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  • 1Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.


The Arabidopsis thaliana suppressor of npr1-1, constitutive 1 (snc1) mutant contains a gain-of-function mutation in a Toll Interleukin1 receptor-nucleotide binding-Leu-rich repeat-type resistance gene (R-gene), which leads to constitutive activation of disease resistance response against pathogens. In a screen for suppressors of snc1, a recessive mutation, designated mos3 (for modifier of snc1,3), was found to suppress the constitutive pathogenesis-related gene expression and resistance to virulent Pseudomonas syringae maculicola ES4326 and Peronospora parasitica Noco2 in snc1. In addition, mos3 is also compromised in resistance mediated by Resistance to Peronospora parasitica 4 (RPP4), Resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv maculicola (RPM1), and Resistance to Pseudomonas syringae 4 (RPS4). Single mutant mos3 plants exhibited enhanced disease susceptibility to P. s. pv maculicola ES4326, suggesting that MOS3 is required for basal resistance to pathogens as well. mos3-1 was identified by map-based cloning, and it encodes a protein with high sequence similarity to human nucleoporin 96. Localization of the MOS3-green fluorescent protein fusion to the nuclear envelope further indicates that MOS3 may encode a nucleoporin, suggesting that nuclear and cytoplasmic trafficking plays an important role in both R-gene-mediated and basal disease resistance.

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