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Dev Psychol. 2005 Mar;41(2):319-27.

Classroom social experiences as predictors of academic performance.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of California, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.


A model linking children's peer acceptance in the classroom to academic performance via academic self-concept and internalizing symptoms was tested in a longitudinal study. A sample of 248 children was followed from 4th to 6th grade, with data collected from different informants in each year of the study to reduce respondent bias. A path analysis supported the model; a lack of peer acceptance in the classroom in 4th grade predicted lower academic self-concept and more internalizing symptoms the following year, which in turn, predicted lower academic performance in 6th grade. An alternative path with internalizing symptoms predicting declines in peer acceptance was tested and received some support as well. Implications of the findings for schools are discussed.

Copyright 2005 APA, all rights reserved.

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