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J Exp Med. 2005 Mar 21;201(6):915-23. Epub 2005 Mar 14.

Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-1 plays an essential role for Toll-like receptor (TLR)7- and TLR9-mediated interferon-{alpha} induction.

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  • 1Department of Host Defense, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Abstract

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize microbial pathogens and trigger innate immune responses. Among TLR family members, TLR7, TLR8, and TLR9 induce interferon (IFN)-alpha in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). This induction requires the formation of a complex consisting of the adaptor MyD88, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and IFN regulatory factor (IRF) 7. Here we show an essential role of IL-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK)-1 in TLR7- and TLR9-mediated IRF7 signaling pathway. IRAK-1 directly bound and phosphorylated IRF7 in vitro. The kinase activity of IRAK-1 was necessary for transcriptional activation of IRF7. TLR7- and TLR9-mediated IFN-alpha production was abolished in Irak-1-deficient mice, whereas inflammatory cytokine production was not impaired. Despite normal activation of NF-kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinases, IRF7 was not activated by a TLR9 ligand in Irak-1-deficient pDCs. These results indicated that IRAK-1 is a specific regulator for TLR7- and TLR9-mediated IFN-alpha induction in pDCs.

PMID:
15767370
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2213113
Free PMC Article
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