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Cancer Lett. 2005 Apr 8;220(2):197-210.

Analysis of gene expression induced by diethylstilbestrol (DES) in human primitive Mullerian duct cells using microarray.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575, Japan. miki@patholo2.med.tohoku.ac.jp


The Mullerian ducts are strongly influenced by natural estrogen, estradiol (E2) and diethylstilbestrol (DES) in their development. We screened E2 and DES responsive genes using a microarray analysis in human primitive Mullerian duct cell line, EMTOKA cells expressed estrogen receptor (ER) beta. c-myc oncogene and other target genes expression was detected in cells treated by high-dose DES, but ER antagonist ICI 182,780 could not prevent c-myc induction above. Results of our present study suggested the presence of ER independent pathway in oncogenes induction process by high-dose DES treatment in a human primitive Mullerian duct cell line.

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