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Biochemistry. 2005 Mar 22;44(11):4247-56.

ADAM33 enzyme properties and substrate specificity.

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  • 1Schering-Plough Research Institute, 2015 Galloping Hill Road, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA.


ADAM33 is an asthma susceptibility gene recently identified through a genetic study of asthmatic families [van Eerdewegh, et al. (2002) Nature 418, 426-430]. To understand the function of the gene product, the recombinant metalloproteinase domain of human ADAM33 was purified and tested for its substrate cleavage specificity using peptides derived from beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP). A single Ala substitution at the P2 position of a 10-residue APP peptide, YEVHHQKLVF, yielded a 20-fold more efficient substrate. Terminal truncation studies identified a minimal nine-residue core (P5-P4') important for ADAM33 recognition and cleavage. Full positional scanning of the 10-mer peptide using the 19 naturally occurring l-amino acids (excluding Cys) revealed a substrate specificity profile. A strong preference for Val or Ile at P3, Ala at P2, and Gln at P1' was observed. The substrate binding model based on the X-ray structure of the ADAM33-inhibitor complex supported the observed substrate specificity profile. On the basis of this, an improved substrate was designed and a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assay was developed using a fluorogenic derivative of this substrate. Kinetic studies confirmed that the best substrate, FRET-P2 [K(Dabcyl)YRVAFQKLAE(Edans)K], was approximately 100-fold more efficient than the wild-type APP peptide substrate, with a k(cat)/K(m) value of (3.6 +/- 0.1) x 10(4) s(-)(1) M(-)(1). Using this substrate and the FRET assay, ADAM33 enzyme activity and thermal stability were characterized. ADAM33 dependence on buffer conditions, detergents, and temperature was examined, and optimal conditions were defined. Accurate K(i) values for tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase and small molecule compounds were obtained.

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