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Clin Toxicol. 1977;10(2):221-42.

Toxicology of ipecac: a review.

Abstract

The general effectiveness and safety of Ipecac syrup, per se, has not been questioned, but rather an attempt has been made to consolidate pertinent literature dealing with the toxic manifestations of Ipecac fluid extract. Ipecac contains both emetine and cephaeline and the toxicity of Ipecac fluid extract is consistent with reports on the toxicity of both compounds. The majority of the work has involved emetine since it is in higher concentration in Ipecac fluid extract than is cephaeline. Comparison of the clinical picture presented in syrup or fluid extract of Ipecac overdose and emetine toxicity in amebiasis treatment permits us to summarize the general characteristics of Ipecac alkaloid toxicity as involving primarily gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and neuromuscular foci.

PMID:
15766
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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