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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2005 Apr;35(4):263-75.

Ca2+ signaling in prothoracicotropic hormone-stimulated prothoracic gland cells of Manduca sexta: evidence for mobilization and entry mechanisms.

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  • 1Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology (CB# 7545), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.

Abstract

Prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) stimulates ecdysteroidogenesis in lepidopteran prothoracic glands (PGs), thus indirectly controlling molting and metamorphosis. PTTH triggers a signal transduction cascade in PGs that involves an early influx of Ca2+. Although the importance of Ca2+ has been long known, the mechanism(s) of PTTH-stimulated changes in cytoplasmic Ca2+ [Ca2+]i are not yet well understood. PGs from the fifth instar of Manduca sexta were exposed to PTTH in vitro. The resultant changes in [Ca2+]i were measured using ratiometric analysis of a fura-2 fluorescence signal in the presence and absence of inhibitors of specific cellular signaling mechanisms. The phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor U-73122 nearly abolished the PTTH-stimulated increase in [Ca2+]i, as well as PTTH-stimulated ecdysteroidogenesis and extracellular-signal regulated kinase phosphorylation, thus establishing a role for PLC and implicating inositol trisphosphate (IP3) in PTTH signal transduction. Two antagonists of the IP3 receptor, 2-APB and TMB-8, likewise blocked the [Ca2+]i response by a mean of 92%. We describe for the first time the presence of Ca2+ oscillations in PTTH-stimulated cells in Ca2+-free medium. External Ca2+ entered PG cells via at least two routes: store-operated (capacitative) Ca2+ entry channels and L-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. We propose that PTTH initiates a transductory cascade typical of many G-protein coupled receptors, involving both Ca2+ mobilization and entry pathways.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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