Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Virus Res. 2005 May;109(2):149-57. Epub 2004 Dec 29.

Mutational pattern of influenza B viruses adapted to high growth replication in embryonated eggs.

Author information

  • 1Division of Viral Products, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 8800 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Improved replication of influenza viruses in embryonated chicken eggs (CE) permits increased vaccine production and availability. We investigated the growth properties of influenza B viruses in relation to specific mutations occurring after serial passage in CE. In serial passage experiments yielding high growth variants of B/Victoria/504/2000, mutations predicted to alter amino acid (AA) composition occurred only near the receptor-binding pocket of the hemagglutinins (HA) and in no other genes. Two B/Victoria/504/2000 high growth variants had the same AA substitutions in HA (R162M and D196Y), but the higher yield variant had a third substitution (G141E), which also altered antigenic characteristics. In a serial passage experiment yielding a high growth variant of B/Hong Kong/330/2001, mutations predicted to alter AA composition occurred only in PB2 and NP in domains predicted to relate to RNP formation and function. Our results indicate that adaptation of influenza B viruses to high-yield replication by serial passage in CE requires few mutations either in internal or external genes. Specific modifications of genes or a combination of genes could be used to optimize or create influenza B viruses for specific growth substrates.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk