Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Eur J Hum Genet. 2005 May;13(5):628-34.

A y(+)LAT-1 mutant protein interferes with y(+)LAT-2 activity: implications for the molecular pathogenesis of lysinuric protein intolerance.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Federico II University, Naples, Italy. mpsperandeo@dti.telethon.it

Abstract

Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is an inherited aminoaciduria caused by defective cationic amino acid (CAA) transport at the basolateral membrane of epithelial cells in the intestine and kidney. The SLC7A7 gene, mutated in LPI, encodes the y(+)LAT-1 protein, which is the light subunit of the heterodimeric CAA transporter in which 4F2hc is the heavy chain subunit. Co-expression of 4F2hc and y(+)LAT-1 induces the y(+)L activity. This activity is also exerted by another complex composed of 4F2hc and y(+)LAT-2, the latter encoded by the SLC7A6 gene and more ubiquitously expressed than SLC7A7. On the basis of both the pattern of expression and the transport activity, y(+)LAT-2 might compensate for CAA transport when y(+)LAT-1 is defective. By expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes and mammalian cells, we functionally analysed two SLC7A7 mutants, E36del and F152L, respectively, the former displaying a partial dominant-negative effect. The results of the present study provide further insight into the molecular pathogenesis of LPI: a putative multiheteromeric structure of both [4F2hc/y(+)LAT-1] and [4F2hc/y(+)LAT-2], and the interference between y(+)LAT-1 and y(+)LAT-2 proteins. This interference can explain why the compensatory mechanism, that is, an increased expression of SLC7A6 as seen in lymphoblasts from LPI patients, may not be sufficient to restore the y(+)L system activity.

PMID:
15756301
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk