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Opt Lett. 2005 Feb 1;30(3):227-9.

Spectral Talbot phenomena of frequency combs induced by cross-phase modulation in optical fibers.

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  • Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Energie, Matériaux et Télécommunications, 800 de la Gauchetière Ouest, Suite 6900, Montreal, Quebec H5A 1K6, Canada. azana@inrs-emt.uquebec.ca


Cross-phase modulation (XPM) of a frequency comb (finite-duration optical pulse sequence) by an intense, long Gaussian pump pulse is theoretically investigated, and new effects, namely, frequency-domain self-imaging phenomena (integer and fractional Talbot effects), are reported. The conditions favorable for observing spectral self-imaging phenomena by XPM are derived and numerically confirmed. The effects of nonidealities in a practical experiment (e.g., group-delay walk-off and dispersion) are also evaluated. One can use spectral self-imaging to tune the free spectral range of a frequency comb (without affecting the shape and bandwidth of the individual passbands) simply by adjusting the pump power in a fiber XPM scheme.

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