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Cancer Causes Control. 2005 Feb;16(1):45-53.

Social disparities and prostate cancer: mapping the gaps in our knowledge.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Department of Medical Oncology, Harvard Medical School, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binnery St, D-1230 Boston, MA 02115, USA. timothy_gilligan@dfci.harvard.edu

Abstract

To evaluate the current state of our knowledge regarding social disparities and prostate cancer and to map the domains where substantial knowledge has been acquired as well as those where little is known, with the purpose of identifying important areas for future research. A Medline research was conducted to identify published papers regarding social disparities in prostate cancer since 1990. The results of this review are presented in a social disparities and prostate cancer grid designed to highlight which domains of social disparities have been researched and which neglected. The major social disparity in prostate cancer concerns the extremely high prostate cancer incidence and mortality seen among black Americans. This is also the area where the most research has been performed. Low socioeconomic position is associated with poorer prostate cancer outcomes but not with higher prostate cancer incidence. It remains poorly defined to what extent racial/ethnic differences in prostate cancer result from differences in socioeconomic position (SEP). Understanding the causes of the high prostate cancer mortality seen among black men remains the major challenge in the area of social disparities and prostate cancer.

PMID:
15750857
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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