Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
AIDS. 2005 Mar 4;19(4):433-7.

Mode of infant feeding and HIV infection in children in a program for prevention of mother-to-child transmission in Uganda.

Author information

  • 1Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the impact of different modalities of infant feeding on HIV transmission in children in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program in an urban hospital in Uganda.

METHODS:

HIV-infected pregnant women in the PMTCT program at St Francis Hospital Nsambya, Kampala were offered the chance to participate in the study. Short-course antiretroviral regimens were provided and formula feeding offered free of charge for women choosing not to breastfeed. Mother-infant pairs were followed until 6 months postpartum. HIV status in children was assessed at week 6 and month 6. For the analyses, mother-infant pairs were classified into three groups according to the mode of infant feeding: exclusive formula feeding (EFF), exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and mixed feeding (MF).

RESULTS:

A total of 306 children were enrolled. Transmission rates were 8.9% at week 6 (3.4% in the EFF group, 11.2% in the EBF group, 17.1% in the MF group) and 12.0% at month 6 (3.7% in the EFF group, 16.0% in the EBF group, and 20.4% in the MF group). The EBF and MF groups were associated with a significantly higher risk of HIV transmission than the EFF group. No significant risk difference was observed between the EBF and the MF groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

HIV transmission rates were significantly lower in formula-fed infants in comparison with both exclusively breastfed and mixed-fed infants. Transmission through breastfeeding seems to occur mainly in the first weeks after delivery.

Comment in

PMID:
15750397
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk