Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Mar;132(3):435-42.

In vitro assessment of image-guided otologic surgery: submillimeter accuracy within the region of the temporal bone.

Author information

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.



Application of image-guided surgery to otology has been limited by the need for submillimeter accuracy via a fiducial system that is easily usable (noninvasive and nonobstructive).


A dental bite-block was fitted with a rigid frame with 7 fiducial markers surrounding each external ear. The temporal bones of 3 cadaveric skulls were removed and replaced with surgical targets arranged in a bull's-eye pattern about the centroid of each temporal bone. The surgical targets were identified both within CT scans and in physical space using an infrared optical tracking system. The difference between positions in CT space versus physical space was calculated as target registration error.


A total of 234 independent target registration errors were calculated. Mean +/- standard deviation = 0.73 mm +/- 0.25 mm.


These findings show that image-guided otologic surgery with submillimeter accuracy is achievable with a minimally invasive fiducial frame. Significance In vivo validation of the system is ongoing. With such validation, this system may facilitate clinically applicable image-guided otologic surgery.



[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk