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Am J Med. 2005 Mar;118(3):269-75.

Post-myocardial infarction smoking cessation counseling: associations with immediate and late mortality in older Medicare patients.

Author information

  • 1Deep South Center on Effectiveness, a HSR&D Research Enhancement Award Program, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294-3407, USA. tkhouston@uabmc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the difference in immediate (30 and 60 days after admission) and late (2-year) mortality between those who received inpatient post-myocardial infarction smoking cessation counseling and those who did not receive counseling.

METHODS:

We conducted an observational study of a national random sample of inpatients from 2971 U.S. acute care hospitals participating in the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project in 1994-95. Medicare beneficiaries who were current smokers over age 65, admitted with a documented acute myocardial infarction, and who were discharged to home were included (n=16743). Our main outcome measures were early (30-, 60-day) and late (1-, 2-year) mortality.

RESULTS:

Smoking cessation counseling was documented during their index hospitalization for 41% of patients. Compared with those not counseled, those who received inpatient counseling had lower 30-day (2.0% vs. 3.0%), 60-day (3.7% vs. 5.6%), and 2-year mortality (25.0% vs. 30%) (logrank P <0.0001). After adjustment for demographic characteristics, comorbid conditions, APACHE score, and receipt of treatments including aspirin, reperfusion, beta-blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, those receiving counseling were less likely to die within 1 year, but the effect was lost between 1 and 2 years [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.99 (0.91-1.10)]. The greatest reduction in relative hazard (19%) was seen within 30 days [HR = 0.81 (95% confidence interval 0.65-0.99)].

CONCLUSION:

Immediate and long-term mortality rates were lower among those receiving inpatient smoking cessation counseling.

PMID:
15745725
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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