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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2005 Apr;16(4):917-28. Epub 2005 Mar 2.

Low turnover osteodystrophy and vascular calcification are amenable to skeletal anabolism in an animal model of chronic kidney disease and the metabolic syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8208, 5th Floor MPRB, 660 S. Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Abstract

LDL receptor (LDLR)-null mice fed high-fat/cholesterol diets, a model of the metabolic syndrome, have vascular calcification (VC) worsened by chronic kidney disease (CKD) and ameliorated by bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7), an efficacious agent in treating animal models of renal osteodystrophy. Here, LDLR-/- high-fat-fed mice without CKD were shown to have significant reductions in bone formation rates, associated with increased VC and hyperphosphatemia. Superimposing CKD resulted in a low turnover osteodystrophy, whereas VC worsened and hyperphosphatemia persisted. BMP-7 treatment corrected the hyperphosphatemia, corrected the osteodystrophy, and prevented VC, compatible with skeletal phosphate deposition leading to reduced plasma phosphate and removal of a major stimulus to VC. A pathologic link between abnormal bone mineralization and VC through the serum phosphorus was supported by the partial effectiveness of directly reducing the serum phosphate by a phosphate binder that had no skeletal action. Thus, in this model of the metabolic syndrome with CKD, a reduction in bone-forming potential of osteogenic cells leads to low bone turnover rates, producing hyperphosphatemia and VC, processes ameliorated by the skeletal anabolic agent BMP-7, in part through deposition of phosphate and increased bone formation.

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