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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2005 Mar;88(3):547-61.

Universal features of personality traits from the observer's perspective: data from 50 cultures.

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  • 1Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Baltimore, MD 21224-6825, USA. mccraej@grc.nia.nih.gov

Abstract

To test hypotheses about the universality of personality traits, college students in 50 cultures identified an adult or college-aged man or woman whom they knew well and rated the 11,985 targets using the 3rd-person version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Factor analyses within cultures showed that the normative American self-report structure was clearly replicated in most cultures and was recognizable in all. Sex differences replicated earlier self-report results, with the most pronounced differences in Western cultures. Cross-sectional age differences for 3 factors followed the pattern identified in self-reports, with moderate rates of change during college age and slower changes after age 40. With a few exceptions, these data support the hypothesis that features of personality traits are common to all human groups.

((c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).

PMID:
15740445
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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