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J Surg Oncol. 1992 May;50(1):53-7.

Postprandial hypoglycemia in islet beta cell hyperplasia with adenomatosis of the pancreas.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Booth Memorial Medical Center, Flushing, New York.


Organic hyperinsulinism causing hypoglycemia in adults is caused by insulinoma, islet hyperplasia, or a combination of adenomata and hyperplasia. We present a patient with long-standing symptoms of postprandial hypoglycemia occurring within 15 minutes of meals in the absence of fasting hypoglycemic symptoms. An intravenous glucagon stimulation test resulted in a rise of plasma insulin from 194 to 21,883 pmol/L at 7.5 minutes. Blood glucose simultaneously rose from 4.9 to 5.9 mmol/L. A glucose tolerance test revealed an exuberant insulin response. A euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp demonstrated incomplete suppression of plasma C-peptide. At surgery, three nodules were found and a 50-60% distal pancreatectomy was performed. The pancreas revealed a combination of multiple beta-cell islet adenomata and islet hyperplasia with no evidence of nesidioblastosis. The coexistence of islet adenomata with hyperplasia must be considered in the differential diagnosis of postprandial hypoglycemia.

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