Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Eur Respir J. 2005 Mar;25(3):455-61.

Exhaled nitric oxide in 4-year-old children: relationship with asthma and atopy.

Author information

  • 1National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Airway inflammation is an early feature of asthma. Early detection and anti-inflammatory treatment may have important therapeutic impact. Exhaled nitric oxide is a noninvasive marker of airway inflammation. The current study investigated the association between exhaled nitric oxide and asthma, wheezing phenotypes, atopy and blood eosinophilia in a large group of 4-yr-old children from the general population. All children participated in the Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy study, a birth cohort study of high-risk (atopic mother) and low-risk children in the Netherlands. Nitric oxide levels were successfully determined in 429 children. Although there was overlap in the distribution of values of children with and without asthma or atopy, mean values were higher in children with atopy or doctor's diagnosed asthma (geometric mean (ppb) 9.4 and 10.0, respectively) as compared to those without (7.7 and 7.9). Values were highest in atopic symptomatic children. Values were not associated with wheezing phenotype or blood eosinophilia. This study is one of the few large-scale epidemiological studies among 4-yr-old children from the general population showing that children with symptoms of asthma and atopy have higher levels of exhaled nitric oxide than those without.

Comment in

PMID:
15738288
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk