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Basophil activation and sulfidoleukotriene production in patients with immediate allergy to betalactam antibiotics and negative skin tests.

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  • 1Servicio de Alergia, Hospital de Basurto, Bilbao, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

New in vitro diagnostic methods for IgE-mediated drug allergic reactions, such as basophil activation test and antigen specific sulfidoleukotriene test, have proven their usefulness in patients with positive skin tests.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the usefulness of basophil activation test and antigen specific sulfidoleukotriene test in the diagnosis of patients with IgE-mediated allergy to Betalactam antibiotics and negative skin tests.

METHODS:

The 23 patients included in the study underwent basophil activation test, antigen specific sulfidoleukotriene test and specific IgE. The patients were classified into three groups.

GROUP A:

patients with positive specific IgE.

GROUP B:

patients with a unique immediate reaction to Betalactams, negative specific IgE and positive oral provocation tests. And Group C: patients with at least two immediate reactions induced by Betalactams and negative specific IgE.

RESULTS:

The sensitivity/specificity of the different tests are: basophil activation test 39.1 %/93.3%, antigen specific sulfidoleukotriene test 22.7%/83.3%, specific IgE 21.7%/86.7%. The joint use of the three tests allows diagnosis of 60.9% of the patients.

CONCLUSION:

In vitro diagnostic tests, especially basophil activation test, are very important tools in the diagnosis of patients with IgE-mediated allergy to Betalactams and negative skin tests, avoiding performance of potentially dangerous oral provocation tests in a high percentage of cases.

PMID:
15736712
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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