Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infect Immun. 2005 Mar;73(3):1797-810.

Use of genome-wide expression profiling and mutagenesis to study the intestinal lifestyle of Campylobacter jejuni.

Author information

  • 1Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA. stintzi@cvm.okstate.edu

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is the most common bacterial cause of diarrhea worldwide. To colonize the gut and cause infection, C. jejuni must successfully compete with endogenous microbes for nutrients, resist host defenses, persist in the intestine, and ultimately infect the host. These challenges require the expression of a battery of colonization and virulence determinants. In this study, the intestinal lifestyle of C. jejuni was studied using whole-genome microarray, mutagenesis, and a rabbit ileal loop model. Genes associated with a wide range of metabolic, morphological, and pathological processes were expressed in vivo. The in vivo transcriptome of C. jejuni reflected its oxygen-limited, nutrient-poor, and hyperosmotic environment. Strikingly, the expression of several C. jejuni genes was found to be highly variable between individual rabbits. In particular, differential gene expression suggested that C. jejuni extensively remodels its envelope in vivo by differentially expressing its membrane proteins and by modifying its peptidoglycan and glycosylation composition. Furthermore, mutational analysis of seven genes, hspR, hrcA, spoT, Cj0571, Cj0178, Cj0341, and fliD, revealed an important role for the stringent and heat shock response in gut colonization. Overall, this study provides new insights on the mechanisms of gut colonization, as well as possible strategies employed by Campylobacter to resist or evade the host immune responses.

PMID:
15731081
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1064905
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk