Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Jul;289(1):H108-13. Epub 2005 Feb 18.

The scar neovasculature after myocardial infarction in rats.

Author information

  • 1Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 1947 North 12th St., Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA.


A series of novel techniques, adapted from the field of tumor biology, were developed to quantify vascular structure and function and to explore the role of ANG II receptor AT1 in cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). We examined the scar neovasculature at 1-4 wk post-MI in Sprague-Dawley rats with a view toward its ability to deliver and exchange oxygen. CD31 and DiOC7(3) staining was used to visualize anatomical vessels vs. those perfused. EF5/Cy3 immunohistochemical staining was used to quantify tissue hypoxia. We compared untreated controls with rats treated with losartan, an AT1 receptor antagonist. Our findings indicated that, at the infarct site, there was not only a 42-75% (1-4 wk post-MI) decrease in the number of anatomical vessels compared with controls but also a decrease in the fraction of perfused vessels from 70% in normal coronary vasculature to 48% at the infarct site. These changes were accompanied by progressive increases in diffusion distance and tissue hypoxia (100% increase in EF5/Cy3 staining at 4 wk post-MI). Losartan-treated rats exhibited a significantly less marked reduction in vascular perfusion and a significantly lesser extent of tissue hypoxia. Over the course of 4 wk post-MI, there is a reduction in coronary vasculature at the infarct site, the extent of which is attenuated by losartan. These findings implicate AT1 receptor upregulation, and perhaps angiotensin-related peptides, as being antiangiogenic.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk