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Neurosci Lett. 2005 Mar 22;377(1):20-4. Epub 2004 Dec 15.

Developmental changes in hyperexcitability of CA1 pyramidal neurons induced by repeated brief episodes of hypoxia in the rat hippocampal slices.

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  • 1Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Group of Synaptic Transmission Study, Institutskaja 3, 142290 Pushchino, Moscow Region 142290, Russia.

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that repeated exposure of adult rat hippocampal slices to brief episodes of hypoxia induce a sustained decrease in the threshold of stimulus-evoked population spike discharges in CA1 pyramidal neurons [O. Godukhin, A. Savin, S. Kalemenev, S. Levin, Neuronal hyperexcitability induced by repeated brief episodes of hypoxia in rat hippocampal slices: involvement of ionotropic glutamate receptors and L-type Ca2+ channels, Neuropharmacology 42 (2002) 459-466, S.V. Kalemenev, A.V. Savin, S.G. Levin, O.V. Godukhin, Long-term potentiation and epileptiform activity induced by brief hypoxic episodes in CA1 area of the rat hippocampal slices. Russ. Physiol. J. 86 (2000) 1676-1681]. In the present study, using the above-mentioned in vitro model of epileptogenesis, we compared the developmental changes in hypoxia-induced hyperexcitability of CA1 neuronal network in the rat hippocampal slices prepared from three age rat groups: postnatal days (P) 13-14 (young), P60-70 (adult) and P600-650 (old). Furthermore, we were interested in learning about an age dependence of the hypoxia-induced changes in the efficacies of glutamatergic transmission and paired-pulse inhibition in CA3-CA1 synapses that may underlie ontogenetic differences in seizure susceptibility in hippocampal network. The principal results of this work are summarized as follow. In comparison with P60-70 hippocampal slices, CA1 pyramidal neurons in P13-14 and P600-650 slices showed intrinsically (without repeated brief hypoxa) an increased propensity to generate epileptiform stimulus-evoked population spike discharges. However, in contrast to adult and old animals, repeated brief episodes of hypoxia are incapable to induce a sustained decrease in the threshold of stimulus-evoked population spike discharges in CA1 pyramidal neurons of hippocampal slices prepared from of P13-14 rats, though they transform paired-pulse inhibition to paired-pulse facilitation and induce hypoxic LTP in CA3-CA1 synapses. The role of some other factors in the developmental changes in hyperexcitability of CA1 pyramidal neurons in response to repeated brief episodes of hypoxia is discussed.

PMID:
15722180
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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