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Int J Hematol. 2005 Jan;81(1):13-7.

Natural killer cell alloreactivity in haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Author information

  • 1Division of Haematology and Clinical Immunology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) cells are primed to kill by several activating receptors. NK cell killing of autologous cells is prevented because NK cells coexpress inhibitory receptors (killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors [KIR]) that recognize groups of (self) major histocompatibility complex class I alleles. Because KIRs are clonally distributed, the NK cell population in any individual are constituted of a repertoire with a variety of class I specificities. NK cells in the repertoire mediate alloreactions when the allogeneic targets do not express the class I alleles that block them. After haploidentical hematopoietic transplantation, NK cell-mediated donor-versus-recipient alloresponses reduce the risk of relapse in acute myeloid leukemia patients while improving engraftment and protecting against graft-versus-host disease. High-resolution molecular HLA typing of recipient and donor, positive identification of donor KIR genes, and, in some cases, functional assessment of donor NK clones identify haploidentical donors who are able to mount donor-versus-recipient NK alloreactions.

PMID:
15717682
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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