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J Lipid Res. 2005 May;46(5):988-93. Epub 2005 Feb 16.

Acute inhibition of hepatic beta-oxidation in APOE*3Leiden mice does not affect hepatic VLDL secretion or insulin sensitivity.

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  • 1Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research-Quality of Life, Gaubius Laboratory, Leiden, The Netherlands.


Hepatic VLDL and glucose production is enhanced in type 2 diabetes and associated with hepatic steatosis. Whether the derangements in hepatic metabolism are attributable to steatosis or to the increased availability of FA metabolites is not known. We used methyl palmoxirate (MP), an inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyl transferase I, to acutely inhibit hepatic FA oxidation and investigated whether the FAs were rerouted into VLDL secretion and whether this would affect hepatic glucose production. After an overnight fast, male APOE3*Leiden transgenic mice received an oral dose of 10 mg/kg MP. Administration of MP led to an 83% reduction in plasma beta-hydroxybutyrate (ketone body) levels compared with vehicle-treated mice (0.47 +/- 0.07 vs. 2.81 +/- 0.16 mmol/l, respectively; P < 0.01), indicative of impaired ketogenesis. Plasma FFA levels were increased by 32% and cholesterol and insulin levels were decreased by 17% and 50%, respectively, in MP-treated mice compared with controls. MP treatment led to a 30% increase in liver triglyceride (TG) content. Surprisingly, no effect on hepatic VLDL-TG production was observed between the groups at 8 h after MP administration. In addition, the capacity of insulin to suppress endogenous glucose production was unaffected in MP-treated mice compared with controls. In conclusion, acute inhibition of FA oxidation increases hepatic lipid content but does not stimulate hepatic VLDL secretion or reduce insulin sensitivity.

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