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Eur Urol. 2005 Mar;47(3):393-7; discussion 397. Epub 2004 Dec 18.

Do cystometric findings predict the results of intravesical hyaluronic acid in women with interstitial cystitis?

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  • 1Department of Urology and Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Urology and Andrology, Municipal Hospital Lainz, Wolkersbergenstrasse 1, A - 1130, Vienna, Austria. kurosch.daha@khl.magwien.gv.at

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES:

According to National Institute of Health (NIH) criteria, a bladder capacity of less than 350 cc is an automatic exclusion for a diagnosis of Interstitial Cystitis (IC). In the present study, patients, showing symptoms of IC and with bladder capacities of <350 and >/=350 cc were tested as to their response to a intravesical hyaluronic acid therapy.

METHODS:

The study included 48 patients with clinical symptoms of IC and a positive 0.4 M potassium sensitivity test. Maximum bladder capacity (C(max)) was assessed for the 0.9% NaCl solution first and then for the 0.2 M KCl solution. After the NaCl cystometry, patients were separated into two groups: Group I with a C(max) of <350 cc and Group II with a C(max) of >/=350 cc. Both groups were again separated in two further groups as to the respective percentage reduction of C(max) with the 0.2 M KCl solution: Group Ia/IIa (>/=30%) and Group Ib/IIb (<30%). Patients were treated with weekly instillations of 40 mg hyaluronic acid for 10 consecutive weeks. Pre- and post-treatment bladder symptoms were evaluated through their visual analog scale (VAS) scores.

RESULTS:

With the saline solution, 32 patients had a C(max) of <350 cc (Group I), while 16 patients had a C(max) of >/=350 cc (Group II). Evaluation of VAS scores confirmed a positive response, i.e. symptom relief, to hyaluronic acid therapy, irrespective of bladder capacity. The improvement was particularly evident in patients with a C(max) reduction of >/=30% versus those with a reduction of <30% with the 0.2 M KCl solution (p=0.003).

CONCLUSION:

The present study demonstrates that patients with typical IC symptoms and a cystometric bladder capacity of >/=350 cc, may have increased potassium sensitivity as a sign of IC and show symptom improvement after hyaluronic acid instillation therapy.

PMID:
15716206
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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