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Fam Pract. 2005 Apr;22(2):192-6. Epub 2005 Feb 14.

Efficacy of self-help manuals for anxiety disorders in primary care: a systematic review.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Institute for Extramural Medicine, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to review effectiveness studies of self-help manuals for anxiety disorders in primary care.

METHODS:

A systematic review of six identified randomized controlled trials was carried out. In addition to outcome, the articles were coded on quality variables.

RESULTS:

The studies included differed with respect to the methodological quality, measurements used and size of the study population. Despite these differences, global results suggest that a self-help manual is an effective treatment possibility for primary care patients with anxiety disorders. The more time that was spent on guidance on the use of the self-help manual the greater was its effectiveness.

CONCLUSION:

Treatment with a self-help manual for anxiety disorders may be effective in primary care. Data are lacking on the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of these manuals.

PMID:
15710643
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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