Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biol Res. 2004;37(4):565-75.

Functional equivalence of dihydropyridine receptor alpha1S and beta1a subunits in triggering excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


Molecular understanding of the mechanism of excitation-contraction (EC) coupling in skeletal muscle has been made possible by cultured myotube models lacking specific dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) subunits and ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1) isoforms. Transient expression of missing cDNAs in mutant myotubes leads to a rapid recovery, within days, of various Ca2+ current and EC coupling phenotypes. These myotube models have thus permitted structure-function analysis of EC coupling domains present in the DHPR controlling the opening of RyR1. The purpose of this brief review is to highlight advances made by this laboratory towards understanding the contribution of domains present in alpha1S and beta1a subunits of the skeletal DHPR to EC coupling signaling. Our main contention is that domains of the alpha1S II-III loop are necessary but not sufficient to recapitulate skeletal-type EC coupling. Rather, the structural unit that controls the EC coupling signal appears to be the alpha1S/beta1a pair.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk