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J Ethnopharmacol. 2005 Feb 28;97(2):199-206. Epub 2005 Jan 4.

A study of the larvicidal and molluscicidal activities of some medicinal plants from northeast Brazil.

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  • 1Departamento de Química Fundamental-CCEN, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50740-901 Recife PE, Brazil.


In a search for natural products that could be used to control the vectors of tropical diseases, 23 extracts of medicinal plants from the northeast of Brazil have been tested for molluscicidal activity against egg masses and adults of the snail Biomphalaria glabrata, for larvicidal activity against the larvae of the mosquito Aedes aegypti, and for general toxicity against the larvae of the brine shrimp Artemia salina. Of these extracts, two were active against the adult snail, one against snail egg masses, eight against the larvae of the mosquito, and 16 showed toxicity towards the brine shrimp. Chemical tests indicated that a wide variety of natural product classes were present in those extracts that showed significant activities in the bioassays.

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