Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuroreport. 2005 Feb 28;16(3):267-70.

Genistein protects dopaminergic neurons by inhibiting microglial activation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology & Institute of Neurology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Second Medical University, Shanghai 200025, China.

Abstract

Inflammation participates in the pathogenesis and progression of Parkinson's disease, in which microglia play a key role. Inhibition of microglia activation has been shown to attenuate inflammation-mediated dopaminergic neurodegeneration. In this study, we found that genistein, the primary soybean isoflavone, concentration-dependently attenuated the lipopolysaccharide-induced decrease in dopamine uptake and loss of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons in rat mesencephalic neuron-glia cultures. Genistein also inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced microglia activation and production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, nitric oxide and superoxide in mesencephalic neuron-glia cultures and microglia-enriched cultures. Our results indicate that genistein may protect dopaminergic neurons from lipopolysaccharide-induced injury and its effective inhibition of microglia activation may be one of the mechanisms.

PMID:
15706233
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk