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RNA. 2005 Apr;11(4):470-86. Epub 2005 Feb 9.

Binding of eukaryotic initiation factor 3 to ribosomal 40S subunits and its role in ribosomal dissociation and anti-association.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Ave., Box 44, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.

Abstract

The multisubunit eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 3 plays various roles in translation initiation that all involve interaction with 40S ribosomal subunits. eIF3 can be purified in two forms: with or without the loosely associated eIF3j subunit (eIF3j+ and eIF3j-, respectively). Although unlike eIF3j+, eIF3j- does not bind 40S subunits stably enough to withstand sucrose density gradient centrifugation, we found that in addition to the known stabilization of the eIF3/40S subunit interaction by the eIF2*GTP*Met-tRNA(i)Met ternary complex, eIF3j-/40S subunit complexes were also stabilized by single-stranded RNA or DNA cofactors that were at least 25 nt long and could be flanked by stable hairpins. Of all homopolymers, oligo(rU), oligo(dT), and oligo(dC) stimulated the eIF3/40S subunit interaction, whereas oligo(rA), oligo(rG), oligo(rC), oligo(dA), and oligo(dG) did not. Oligo(U) or oligo(dT) sequences interspersed by other bases also promoted this interaction. The ability of oligonucleotides to stimulate eIF3/40S subunit association correlated with their ability to bind to the 40S subunit, most likely to its mRNA-binding cleft. Although eIF3j+ could bind directly to 40S subunits, neither eIF3j- nor eIF3j+ alone was able to dissociate 80S ribosomes or protect 40S and 60S subunits from reassociation. Significantly, the dissociation/anti-association activities of both forms of eIF3 became apparent in the presence of either eIF2-ternary complexes or any oligonucleotide cofactor that promoted eIF3/40S subunit interaction. Ribosomal dissociation and anti-association activities of eIF3 were strongly enhanced by eIF1. The potential biological role of stimulation of eIF3/40S subunit interaction by an RNA cofactor in the absence of eIF2-ternary complex is discussed.

PMID:
15703437
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1370736
Free PMC Article
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