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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Dec;1037:122-6.

Optimal cutoff point of glutamate decarboxylase antibody titers in differentiating two subtypes of adult-onset latent autoimmune diabetes.

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  • 1Diabetes Center, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 139 Renmin Zhong Road, Changsha, Hunan 410011, China.


The optimal cutoff point of glutamate decarboxylase antibody (GAD-Ab) titers for differentiating two latent autoimmune diabetes (LADA) subtypes remains unclear. One hundred and forty-five GAD-Ab-positive patients screened from phenotypic type 2 diabetes were diagnosed as LADA. The clinical features were compared among LADA patients with different GAD-Ab titers. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of GAD-Ab titers and to define the optimal cutoff point. The heterogeneity of clinical features in LADA could be discriminated by five GAD-Ab titers, with maximal differences at the titer of 175 U/mL. The ROC curve analysis showed that the optimal cutoff point for discriminating two LADA subtypes was at the titer of 175 U/mL, with sensitivity and specificity of 54.5% and 92.1%, respectively. These findings demonstrated that the two clinically distinct subtypes of LADA can be optimally discriminated by the GAD-Ab titers.

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