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J Immunol. 2005 Feb 15;174(4):1997-2003.

Immunological effects of transgenic constitutive expression of the type 1 sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor by mouse lymphocytes.

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  • 1Institute for Immunology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

The type 1 sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) G protein-coupled receptor (S1P1) normally transduces S1P effects on lymph node (LN) egress and tissue migration of naive lymphocytes. We now show that persistent expression of S1P1 by lymphocytes of S1P1-transgenic (Tg) mice suppresses delayed-type hypersensitivity and results in production of significantly more IgE Ab and less IgG2 Ab than in wild-type (wt) mice. wt host LN homing of 51Cr-labeled T cells from S1P1-Tg mice was only 30-40% of that for wt T cells. Adoptive-transfer of dye-labeled activated T cells from S1P1-Tg mice into wt mice resulted in 2.2-fold more in blood and 60% less in LNs than for activated wt T cells after 1 day. Proliferative responses of stimulated T cells from S1P1-Tg mice were only 10-34% of those for wt T cells. Disordered cellular and humoral immunity of S1P1-Tg mice thus may be attributable to both altered T cell traffic and depressed T cell functions, suggesting that S1P1-specific agonists may represent a novel therapeutic approach to autoimmunity and transplant rejection.

PMID:
15699128
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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