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Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2005 Jan-Mar;18(1):65-74.

Differential downstream effects of CD40 ligation mediated by membrane or soluble CD40L and agonistic Ab: a study on purified human B cells.

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  • 1GIMAP-EA 3064, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Saint-Etienne, France.


With the addition of various cytokines, the CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L) system can act as a T-helper cell surrogate to permit B lymphocytes to produce large amounts of polyclonal Ig. In the present study, we tested six CD40-CD40L stimulation models: (i, ii) soluble agonistic 89 and G28.5 mAbs ; (iii, iv) 89 and G28.5 bound via their Fc fragments on CDw32-transfected mouse fibroblasts; (v) purified, soluble, trimeric human CD40L molecules (sCD40L); and (vi) human CD40L expressed by a CD40L-transfected mouse fibroblastic cell line (LCD40L). Target B cells consisted of purified blood and tonsillar CD19+ lymphocytes cultured in the presence of CD40 stimuli and IL-2 and IL-10, added at the onset of each B cell culture. A) There was differential expression of CD69, CD80 and CD86 exposure to sCD40L and LCD40L was ensued by the strongest % MFI changes over control. B) In blood B cells, mAbs and sCD40L induced IgA, IgM and IgG production almost equally well; LCD40L proved less efficient. In contrast, in tonsil B cells, LCD40L induced significantly more IgA, IgG1, IgG3 and IgM production than other signals. Using certain CD40/CD40L stimuli to model in vitro Ig production, a system used regularly in many laboratories, may affect the interpretation based on the cell type and on the CD40/CD40L system used.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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