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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Jan 21;94(2):020505. Epub 2005 Jan 21.

Security bounds for continuous variables quantum key distribution.

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  • 1ICFO-Institut de Ciències Fotòniques, Jordi Girona 29, Edifici Nexus II, E-08034 Barcelona, Spain.


Security bounds for key distribution protocols using coherent and squeezed states and homodyne measurements are presented. These bounds refer to (i) general attacks and (ii) collective attacks where Eve applies the optimal individual interaction to the sent states, but delays her measurement until the end of the reconciliation process. For the case of a lossy line and coherent states, it is first proven that a secure key distribution is possible up to 1.9 dB of losses. For the second scenario, the security bounds are the same as for the completely incoherent attack.

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