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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Jan 21;94(2):020504. Epub 2005 Jan 21.

Collective attacks and unconditional security in continuous variable quantum key distribution.

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  • 1Max-Planck-Institut für Quantumoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Strasse 1, D-85746 Garching, Germany.

Abstract

We present here an information theoretic study of Gaussian collective attacks on the continuous variable key distribution protocols based on Gaussian modulation of coherent states. These attacks, overlooked in previous security studies, give a finite advantage to the eavesdropper in the experimentally relevant lossy channel, but are not powerful enough to reduce the range of the reverse reconciliation protocols. Secret key rates are given for the ideal case where Bob performs optimal collective measurements, as well as for the realistic cases where he performs homodyne or heterodyne measurements. We also apply the generic security proof of Christiandl et al. to obtain unconditionally secure rates for these protocols.

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