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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Jan 14;94(1):017402. Epub 2005 Jan 13.

Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.


Metallic bowtie nanoantennas should provide optical fields that are confined to spatial scales far below the diffraction limit. To improve the mismatch between optical wavelengths and nanoscale objects, we have lithographically fabricated Au bowties with lengths approximately 75 nm and gaps of tens of nm. Using two-photon-excited photoluminescence of Au, the local intensity enhancement factor relative to that for the incident diffraction-limited beam has been experimentally determined for the first time. Enhancements >10(3) occur for 20 nm gap bowties, in good agreement with theoretical simulations.

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