Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochemistry. 2005 Feb 15;44(6):1894-908.

Structural and oxidation state changes of the photosystem II manganese complex in four transitions of the water oxidation cycle (S0 --> S1, S1 --> S2, S2 --> S3, and S3,4 --> S0) characterized by X-ray absorption spectroscopy at 20 K and room temperature.

Author information

  • 1FB Physik, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, D-14195 Berlin, Germany.


Structural and electronic changes (oxidation states) of the Mn(4)Ca complex of photosystem II (PSII) in the water oxidation cycle are of prime interest. For all four transitions between semistable S-states (S(0) --> S(1), S(1) --> S(2), S(2) --> S(3), and S(3),(4) --> S(0)), oxidation state and structural changes of the Mn complex were investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) not only at 20 K but also at room temperature (RT) where water oxidation is functional. Three distinct experimental approaches were used: (1) illumination-freeze approach (XAS at 20 K), (2) flash-and-rapid-scan approach (RT), and (3) a novel time scan/sampling-XAS method (RT) facilitating particularly direct monitoring of the spectral changes in the S-state cycle. The rate of X-ray photoreduction was quantitatively assessed, and it was thus verified that the Mn ions remained in their initial oxidation state throughout the data collection period (>90%, at 20 K and at RT, for all S-states). Analysis of the complete XANES and EXAFS data sets (20 K and RT data, S(0)-S(3), XANES and EXAFS) obtained by the three approaches leads to the following conclusions. (i) In all S-states, the gross structural and electronic features of the Mn complex are similar at 20 K and room temperature. There are no indications for significant temperature-dependent variations in structure, protonation state, or charge localization. (ii) Mn-centered oxidation likely occurs on each of the three S-state transitions, leading to the S(3) state. (iii) Significant structural changes are coupled to the S(0) --> S(1) and the S(2) --> S(3) transitions which are identified as changes in the Mn-Mn bridging mode. We propose that in the S(2) --> S(3) transition a third Mn-(mu-O)(2)-Mn unit is formed, whereas the S(0) --> S(1) transition involves deprotonation of a mu-hydroxo bridge. In light of these results, the mechanism of accumulation of four oxidation equivalents by the Mn complex and possible implications for formation of the O-O bond are considered.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Chemical Society
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk